A ukulele is a small, portable instrument with four strings. It is also easy to play. With a ukulele, praise God whenever and wherever!
The ukulele is a traditional Hawaiian [string] instrument. Portuguese immigrants played Braguinha, a traditional Portuguese guitar-like instrument, and the Hawaiian natives were very impressed by their hands movements that were like jumping fleas. They used the “Koa” tree to make this instrument and called it “ukulele”.
Uku means “flea” in the Hawaiian language and lele means “jumping”. Ukulele means “a jumping flea”. In other words, uku is “a gift” or “pay” and lele means “to come”. It means “a gift from somewhere”. In other words, it has the meaning of a gift from Portugal to Hawaii.
[Types of ukulele]
As the size of the body of the strings increases, volume and vibration is louder and the color of the sound becomes deep. Soprano and concert ukulele are the most frequently used types.
Soprano ukulele is 24-25cm wide and it is the smallest sized ukulele. It has bright and bouncy sounds. Soprano ukulele is the standard type of ukulele.
Concert ukulele is bigger than soprano ukulele in body size and the neck is longer. Its entire width is 28-29cm. The depth of the sound is fuller than soprano ukulele, and has more frets than soprano ukulele; the range to play music is bigger than soprano ukulele.
Tenor ukulele is 32-33cm wide and is bigger than Concert ukulele. The largest and 38-40cm wide ukulele is baritone ukulele.
The parts of the ukelele
① Head: the head of the ukulele
② Neck: the neck, it is composed of finger board and tuners
③ Body: the body of the ukulele
④ Tuning pegs: these pegs are turned to tune the ukulele. they are called tuner, tuning machine, etc.
⑤ Nut: holds the strings and is fret zero.
⑥ Finger board: the board where you put your fingers
⑦ Position marks: marks that recognize the locations of frets.
⑧ Frets: they determine high and low of the tones
⑨ Sound hole: the sound that resonates in the body of the ukulele comes out through this hole.
⑩ Saddle: holds the end of the strings
⑪ Bridge: fixes the end of the strings and there are various kinds of them.
How to hold a ukelele
Hold the part where it is bulges out with your four right fingers as if you are holding a baby. Hold the neck lightly with your left hand and bring it against your chest. Keep the ukulele upright at 45 degrees so that the head do not fall down.
Strumming practice (basic four beats): down stroke/up stroke
C chord: “Three Bears"
Three Praising Bears
Three family bears are sitting at home
Father bear, mother bear, baby bear
Father bear is praising. Mother bear’s also praising
Baby bear is dancing for the Lord
Praise the Lord ukulele
Praise the Lord ukulele